The ski… The four strains of M. leprae are based in specific geographic regions. BT leprosy in type 1 reaction presenting with ulnar nerve abscess and subsequent deformity in the form of ulnar clawing. Leprosy can be classified on the basis of clinical manifestations and skin smear results. The history of leprosy was traced by geneticists in 2005 through its origins and worldwide distribution using comparative genomics.They determined that leprosy originated in East Africa or the Near East and traveled with humans along their migration routes, including those of trade in goods and slaves. This disease is caused by bacteria, “Mycobacterium leprae” which is slow-growing. More severe forms arise because of less effective immune response to the infection. Leprosy affects the nerves, skin, and eyes. The Europeans and North Africans introduced leprosy into West Africa and the Ame … Tuberculoid leprosy is the more benign type, even though it is accompanied by nerve involvement, which leads to numbness (usually of … The clinical range from tuberculoid to lepromatous leprosy is a result of variation in the cellular immune response to the mycobacterium. The affected region is full of bumps, numbness, muscle weakness and rashes. That’s one of the reasons why diagnosis can be so difficult. It is the mild and less serious type of leprosy. Your email address will not be published. leprosy: Types of Leprosy. Leprosy or LEPROSY is a bacterial disease that destroys the peripheral and motor nerves. The disease is caused by a chronic granulomatous infection of the skin and peripheral nerves with Mycobacterium leprae. Leprosy, also called Hansen disease, chronic infectious disease that affects the skin, the peripheral nerves (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord), and the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, and eyes. The clinical system of classification for the purpose of treatment includes the use of number of skin lesions and nerves involved as the basis for grouping leprosy patients into multibacillary (MB) and paucibacillary (PB) leprosy. Leprosy is spread by multiple skin contacts, as well as by droplets from the upper respiratory tracts, such as nasal secretions that are transmitted from person to person. This infection heals on its own, or it can persist and progress to a more severe form. It is caused by the slow-growing organism Mycobacterium leprae, which is an obligate intracellular parasite. The types are: Tuberculoid. Leprosy treatment fully depends on the type of leprosy the patient is suffering from. Introduction Leprosy, which is caused by the Mycobacterium leprae (see Chapter 5.1), is a disease of low contagion that presents with protean manifestations. Specific symptoms and treatment depend on the type of leprosy. In this stage, patients suffer from flat lesions which may heal by themselves without progressing in case of strong immunity. Borderline borderline (BB) BB is the most immunologically unstable portion of the borderline spectrum . Leprosy can be considered 2 connected diseases that primarily affect superficial tissues, especially the skin and peripheral nerves. LEPRA REACTIONS During the course of leprosy, immunological mediated episodes of acute or subacute inflammation known as reaction may occur. Classification of the disease is important to determine prognosis, patients at higher risk of reactions, and nerve damage, as well as select appropriate treatment. Leprosy affects not just the skin, but also the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes. Initially, a mycobacterial infection causes a wide array of cellular immune responses. Fite staining for AFB is often positive and the BI ranges between 0 and 2+ in skin smears. Windowofworld.com - Leprosy is contagious or not is a question that often arises when seeing someone suffering from this condition. This nerve damage may result in a lack of ability to feel pain, which can lead to the loss of parts of a person's extremitiesfrom repeated injuries or infection due to unnoticed wounds. Leprosy, also called Hansen disease, chronic infectious disease that affects the skin, the peripheral nerves (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord), and the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, and eyes. Leprosy disease has affected people on every continent. There are several forms of leprosy that range from the mildest indeterminate form to the most severe lepromatous type. There are several forms of leprosy that range from the mildest indeterminate form to the most severe lepromatous type. Leprosy attacks the cooler areas of the body• Leprosy destroys neurons in these areas, taking feeling away from them• Leprosy also causes cartilage in those areas to get absorbed back into the body, causing fingers, toes, ears and noses to disappear• Leprosy also causes large bumps in the skin that do not feel pain and do not heal 7. Leprosy is Contagious or Not, These Are the Facts! Types of leprosy. Patients with leprosy experience disfigurement of … Early symptoms begin in cooler areas of the body and include loss of sensation. In the tuberculoid form of the disease the skin lesions appear as light red or purplish spots. However, in practice, most programmes use clinical criteria for classifying and deciding the appropriate treatment regimen for individual patients, particularly in view of the non-availability or non-dependability of the skin-smear services. What is Leprosy? Following are some of the symptoms of leprosy: The diagnosis of leprosy is based on signs and symptoms. Eighty cases of leprosy including 60 cases of lepromatous type and 20 cases of tuberculoid type, during the period of 1974-75, have been examined for evidence of lymphnode enlargement. 3. Leprosy is defined by the number and type of skin sores you have. Leprosy symptoms may begin within one yea… Depending on how much natural resistance a person has, leprosy appears in 2 different forms. Required fields are marked *. An infected person may also experience muscle weakness and poor eyesight. Two distinct types of leprosy reactions have been described affecting 30 to 50 percent of these patients; Type 1 leprosy reaction also known as reversal reaction and Type 2 reaction known also called erythema nodosum leprosum 33. 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