In 1785 a new governor was appointed: He was van de Graaff. In 1691, the population was 1000 Europeans and 400 Slaves. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini, As Prof. Ch. WELKOM CUZZINS! With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. List of Dutch forts and colonial possessions, North America. They arrived in the bay of today's Cape Town, on 6 April 1652, on board five ships, the Reijer, the Oliphant, the Goede Hoop, the Walvisch end the Dromedaris.. As in Ceylon the free-burghers in Kaapstad (Cape Town) were in most cases tavern-keepers or to a lesser extent craftsmen and shopkeepers. 21, n° 3 1988, Boston, MA, USA, pp. The western Cape of South Africa had long experienced the dispossession of indigenous land under the regime of merchant capitalism of the Dutch East India Company from the mid 1600s. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you. After three years of government he handed the command over to John Williams Janssens. When the latter started to invade the southern parts of Africa (which they called the Cape), the Khoi-Khoi settlements were already ... parts of South Africa and by 1500 they expanded more southwards and eastwards in the country (Giliomee & Mbenga 2007:30). In 1655 the first coast vessel made of Cape timber was lauched. This building was completed 25 years later. false (european) Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. I have already mentioned the Afrikaans language. They were named “Kyckuit” and “Duinhoop”. Although not Dutch settlers from Belgium are included in this project - see below. A history of the first settlements 1628-1677, The Castle of Good Hope: A Dutch Fort in South Africa, The Dutch Heritage in South Africa: the Afrikaans Language and the Dutch Reformed Church, The Dutch on São Tomé and Principe: the attacks on the island of Principe (1598) and São Tomé (1599), The Dutch on Mauritius 1638-1658, 1664-1710, The Portuguese on the Persian Gulf and on the Arabian Peninsula, The Portuguese in Ceylon: The Portuguese in Sri Lanka before the war with the Dutch, The Jesuit Missions in South America: Jesuits Reductions in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Fort Jesus Mombasa: a Portuguese fortress in Kenya, India. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. In the 17th century, the southernmost point of Africa where the Atlantic and Indian oceans meet became a desirable half-way haven for the Dutch East India Company which was trading with India. Russian forts and settlements in Hawaii, Arguin: A Portuguese Fortress in Mauritania 1445-1633, West Africa. Immigration to RSA has slowed down drastically, but the remnants of a huge Flemish population still exist in Southern Africa. This project is devoted to the Dutch Settlers in South Africa. In 1652 a Dutch expedition of 90 Calvinist settlers under the command of Jan Van Riebeeck founded the first permanent settlement near the Cape of Good Hope. The Dutch claimed that they had purchased the land from Osingkhima leader of the Khokhoi group known as the Goringhaiqua with brandy, tobacco and bread. Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1897, London, United Kingdom. In the 17th century, the southernmost point of Africa where the Atlantic and Indian oceans meet became a desirable half-way haven for the Dutch East India Company which was trading with India. This evolved from Dutch but also contained Malay and Portuguese Creole words. Shaka . Finally they were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. From October 11, 1899, until May 31, 1902, the Second Boer War (also known as the South African War and the Anglo-Boer War) was fought in South Africa between the British and the Boers (Dutch settlers in southern Africa). They settled in Stellenbosch, Drakenstein, Paarl and Franschhoek, developing farming and in particular vineyards. The Khoisan have been referred to in the past as “Bushmen” – and when the Dutch settlers landed in South Africa in the 17th century, they called them Hottentots, a word derived from the famous clicks in their languages. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named “Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope”. 1497 - Vasco da Gama rounds the tip of South Africa on his way to India. After the departure of Jan van Riebeeck a period of confusion began in the colony: During the first ten years 4 governors were appointed and after this started the war with France. On 2 Janaury 1666 during the government of Wagenaer was laid the foundation stone of the Castle of Good Hope, which was completed in 1674 during the government of Isbrand Goske. Afrikaans developed from Hollandic (Hollands), a vernacular of the Dutch language, which is spoken is South Holland. Dutch Ceylon, Trincomalee: Bibliography. The Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of southern Africa. The Dutch came to South Africa to build a rest stop for the Dutch East India Company ships. This article attempts to place their reactions into the broader framework of the receptivity of Late Stone Age society in South Africa to cultural innovation, and suggests that the usual dichotomy drawn between the rapid disintegration of the pastoral Khoi in the face of the Dutch settlers and the fierce resistance of the San hunter-gatherers is an oversimplification. The Dutch settlement history in South Africa began in March 1647 with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem. Hollandic was the main language of the Dutch settlers in the country. In the first year of his government he founded Stellenbosch, the second oldest town in South Africa, and during the twenty years of his government he promoted the immigration of new families from The Netherlands, built a new hospital and thoroughly developed the colony. The WIC would soon become a powerful force itself, even founding the Dutch colonies in … Too many Cooks 1663-1679. Pieter Jansz was married to Cornelia Theunisz, ca. European settlement in the area that today is South Africa began in 1652, with the Dutch occupation of Table Bay, now Cape Town, South Africa's parliamentary capital. Afrikaans was declared an official tongue of South Africa besides English in 1925. n° 29; Nizza da Silva, M. B. in Dutch Colonialism, South Africa Gold, Uranium, Chromium, diamonds, copper, iron ore and coal are _____ most important resources. White colonisation was as feasible here as it had been in New Netherland, with the additional advantage that there was no rival European nation close at hand.”. The first British Settlers, known as the 1820 Settlers, arrived in Algoa Bay (n… All rights reserved. In 1659 wine was pressed from Cape grapes for the first time. 118,693 Views. As time went by, the Dutch peoples experienced a shift in their cultural and social way of life. It is also spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, but not extensively. A smallpox epidemic in 1713 killed about a quarter of the whites and estimates for 1717 put the population at 744 officials, about 2000 free burghers and over 2700 slaves (South African History Online 2006b). In the decades and centuries that followed, the Dutch spoken there, detached from its ancestor in Europe, underwent internal developments as well as influences from other languages (such as Khoisan languages, South-African Malay, … The shipwreck victims built a small fort named "Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope". orary documents suggest that the servants were acting under orders. I designed some internet sites including the www.colonialvoyage.com site dedicated to the history of geographical exploration and colonialism. In 1795 the slaves in the whole colony amounted to 16,839 and the Whites totalled nearly 16,000. In May 1662, there were 39 free farmers, 15 of them married. The Dutch came to South Africa to build a rest stop for the Dutch East India Company ships. – Raven-Hart, R. “Cape of Good Hope 1652-1702. Shortly after the establishment of the colony, slaves were imported from East Africa, Madagascar and the East Indies. in 1884 and 1885 14 africa nations met at the Berlin Conference to discuss the future of africa. Thus the number of slaves in the settlement rose to 187. They frequently stole cattle. French Protestants, German mercenaries, and other Europeans joined the Dutch in South Africa. Choose from 116 different sets of term:boers = dutch settlers of south africa flashcards on Quizlet. 1652 - The Dutch East India Company establishes the Dutch Cape Colony. The first European settlers in South Africa were sponsored by the Dutch East India Company which controlled Netherlands trade between India and East Asia. In 1812 the British founded Grahamstown and in 1820 4,000 Britons were granted land by the Great Fish River. In 1814 a treaty confirmed British ownership of Cape Colony. – Sleigh, D. “The Forts of the Liesbeeck Frontier” Castle Military Museum, Cape Town, South Africa. Douwe Gerbens, later known as Douwe Gerbrandt Steyn, Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit, http://motherearthtravel.com/history/south-africa/history-4.htm, http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/africa/south_africa/dutch.html, Dutch names' Pronounciation & Transliteration, A short History of Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg, Huguenot Walloon Immigration to South Africa, WELKOM CUZZINS: Geni SA Projects' Main Site Index & Help Page, South African Genealogical Reference Centre, Please add the profiles of Dutch Progenitors - (not their entire families and descendants!) In 1691 the population of Kaapstad or “De Kaap” consisted of 1000 Europeans and 400 Slaves. His name has been preserved in the town of Swellendam, which was founded during his government. 174-216 Also in: “The shaping of South African Society 1652-1840” 1986, Middelton, Connecticut, USA, pp. with 28 b/w illust. 453-473. In 1695 there were still only 340 free-burghers in the colony. They arrived in the bay of today’s Cape Town – later named Table Bay/Tafelbaai – on 6 April 1652 on board of five ships: the “Reijger”, the “Oliphant”, the “Goede Hoop”, the “Walvisch” and the “Drommedaris”. My e-mail is at the bottom of the page. 293-313 Also in: “International Journal of African Historical Studies” Vol. These defences were extended from Blaauwberg across the bay to Salt River and then through Groote Schuur to the hill of Wynberg. 1670 with 37 b/w illust. Jan de la Fontaine became governor in 1724 and he was in control of the Cape Colony until 1739, except for an interval of three years, when Gysbert Noodt was governor. In 1695 there were still only 340 free-burghers. They moved further away from the coast. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Asia. Dutchmen soon started settling the area, with little, if any, conflict with the native Khoisan population. If you have any queries related to Dutch settlers please start a discussion linked to this project. South African male Progenitors / Stamvaders. de Jong. true. The coming of Dutch settlers into South Africa was not at all welcomed by the indigenous people. He was the Mauritius-born Simon van der Stel. On 18 Janaury 1806 he surrendered the colony to the British at Blaauwberg. | Contact: The Dutch in South Africa, 1652-1795 and 1802-1806, The growth of the population in Dutch South Africa, The forts of the Saint-Martin island: Fort Amsterdam and Fort Louis, St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri or Thangassery, Kerala, India, Sri Lanka Burgher Family Genealogy: Andree/Abernethy, The Forts of the Spice Islands of Indonesia, Today, The Dutch West India Company. A. During the twenty years of his government he promoted the immigration of new families from The Netherlands, built a new hospital and developed the colony. Farmers descended from Dutch settlers in South Africa. Jacob de Mist was appointed as new Dutch governor. Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. In 1717 there were more than 5,000 souls, of whom 2,500 were Europeans in the colony (in most cases farmers and breeders) and 2,500 slaves. A school was opened to teach Dutch and religion to the children of the white settlers and to the Mulattos and Hottentots, too. By the end of 1847, following annexation by Britain of the former Boer republic of Natalia, nearly all the Boers had left their former republic, which the British renamed Natal. In 1795 the British captured Cape Colony (South Africa). List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Arabia and Persian Gulf. In 1780 there were 11,000-12,000 free-burghers, of whom at least 3,000 lived in Kaapstad. Geni requires JavaScript! Huntington's Disease, for example, is more common among the Afrikaner or Dutch-descent population of South Africa than in most other populations, because a gene for Huntington's happened to be unusually common among the small group of original Dutch colonists. Secondly, South Africa gained its Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. The Boers in the late 18th century regarded South Africa as their fatherland. Jan van Riebeeck was aboard one of these ships. The object was not to develop a colony but to establish a port of call to service the Dutch ships travelling between the Netherlands and its trading posts in the east, supplying meat, vegetables fruit, wine and wheat. apartheid. www.colonialvoyage.com © Copyright 1998-2020, All Rights Reserved. Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa Dutch Colony: The first Europeans to settle in South Africa permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company who founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. This, unlike the Dutch settlement in 1652, was not permanent. They were called Boers (Dutch for farmer), or Afrikaners – Dutch with a mix of Flemish, German and French Huguenot heritage. Dutch settlement in South Africa began in March 1647, the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem, wrecked at the Cape. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. The Boers (Dutch settlers) in South Africa resented British rule. Greed and Graft 1699-1702. selfstudyhistory.com It remained… In 1666 the first stone was laid on 2 January and the original fort was replaced by a new stone fort named Castle of Good Hope/Kasteel de Goede Hoop, a massive pentagonal fortress with a moat and bastions at each corner. Boer, (Dutch: “husbandman,” or “farmer”), a South African of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent, especially one of the early settlers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. For descendants of Hermannburg and Berlin missionaries and colonists, for the New Germany settlers and other settlers in the old Natal and Transvaal, quite a lot of information is available already. Dutch Colonial Remains 16th-18th centuries, America. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini. Later the same year another ship arrived with more slaves. In 1657 two groups of farmers settled about three miles from the castle at Groenevelt (or Dutch Garden) and Rondebosch. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company's established a supplies station at the Cape of Good Hope under the command of Jan van Riebeeck.The party was made up of 90 settlers, most of them were Dutch & a number of people were from Germany. The plan, called the Groot Desseynor Great Design, was to ultimately take over Portuguese and Spanish colonies in Africa and the Americas. Finally they were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. de Jong. In 1908, in return for £3.8 million, Leopold handed over control of the Congo to the Belgian state, making it a Belgian colony rather than a personal possession of the king. Final colonization was taken over by the British which also began a large conflict with the Dutch, or the Boers, and the English. Today South Africa is an ethnically and culturally diverse country, where the descendants of the Dutch settlers form only a minority. Native South Africans are a strong community, but their voice is rarely heard. The colonization of South Africa took place in the early 1800s by the British. By order of that company in 1652, a few Dutch settlers at the Cape of Good Hope to established this half-way station so that fresh vegetables and fruits could be provided to prevent scurvy among the … Please feel free to add to the information here and to correct any information which you consider to be incorrect. Dutch settlement in South Africa began in March 1647, the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem, wrecked at the Cape. 103 accounts by visitors to the Cape between 1652 and 1702, taken from the original Dutch, English, French, Portuguese, Danish and German. The first European settlers in South Africa were sponsored by the Dutch East India Company which controlled Netherlands trade between India and East Asia. Today, descendants of the Boers are commonly referred to as Afrikaners. Afrikaans was declared an official tongue of South Africa besides English in 1925. Apartheid in South Africa Section 1: Introduction The history of South Africa differs from other African countries in several important ways. During the government of Ryk Tulbagh (1751-1771) the Orange River was reached. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from The Netherlands/Holland. My main aim is to provide as much information to my fellow South African genealogists and other persons just interested in finding out a bit more about their heritage. Created to supply passing ships with fresh produce, the colony grew rapidly as Dutch farmers settled to grow crops. Stellenbosch was the foremost farming settlement. At the 1802 Treaty of Amiens the Netherlands (now Batavian Republic) recovered the colony. The whole settlement was thus protected from Hottentot incursion. false (dutch) racism is the name for the belief that one race is superior to others. One of the aims of the settlement was to increase revenue for the VOC who controlled trade with the free burgers, the Khoikhoi and passing ships. Copyright © 1998-2020. It was initially meant to be a small port town for ships traveling to India, but eventually became a full settlement. In 1688 a group of about 200 French Huguenots arrived. Then the site www.borghiditoscana.net dedicated to my region: Tuscany. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company charged Jan A square wooden fort with four bastions was quickly built on the left bank of the Salt River, where is now the Central Post Office, and later were built also two redoubts near the shore. The Afrikaners are also known as the “Boers,” the Dutch word for “farmers.” … The party was made up of 90 Calvinist settlers. Flemish (Dutch-speaking) Walloons (French-speaking). Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Africa. The Human Sciences Research Council has also researched a number of the early German settler and their descendants and has published books on these. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, India. Afrikaans is not only spoken by the White peoples of Dutch, Huguenot and German descent (about 60% of South Africa’s Whites), but also by the majority (about 90%) of the people of mixed descent (Coloureds). The principles of Christianity were also introduced at the school resulting in the baptisms of many slaves and indigenous residents. Dutch in Africa. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions. During the Tulbagh successor, Joachim van Plettenberg (1771-1785), the exploration of the Orange River valley was completed. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Indonesia. The language is generally used in South Africa and Namibia. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Ceylon (Sri Lanka). In the 1680s 50 more Dutch and German farmers and women from orphanages arrived and at the end of the decade 200 by Hugenots arrived. Harmen Barentsz from Rotterdam on the De Schelde; sailor; a.1688; freed 1691. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Please add related projects to the menu on the right. His adopted son Jacobus is the definite biological ancestor. Three watch-houses were also built. II: xii+303 pp. They stayed for nearly one year and were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. The Dutch settlement history in South Africa began in March 1647 with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem. n° 4; Disney, A. The Dutch East India Company allowed them to claim farms of 2500 hectares (about 1000 acres) or more. I research and write about history. The Dutch settlements in South Africa 1652-1795 and 1802-1806. - you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. 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